Ancient Greece &
Things to Consider:
** Homework Questions **
- History, especially of Athens & Sparta
- Theology: Greek vs. Hebrew vs. Egyptian
- Relationships between Love and War, Emotions and Violence
- Relationship between Sappho and Egyptian Love Poets
- Lyric: "a brief subjective poem
marked by imagination, melody, and emotion, and creating a single,
impression" (H&H 283).
- Helen of Troy:
- At the wedding of Peleus and Thetis (eventual parents to
Eris, the goddess of Discord and Strife, is the only one not invited,
crashes the party and throws on the floor a golden apple, on which is
"To the most beautiful." Three goddesses--Hera, goddess of
Aphrodite, goddess of Love; and Athena, goddess of wisdom and battles--
all claim it. To settle the dispute, the gods ask Paris, a Trojan
traveller, to decide who should get the apple. Each goddess
him a reward to decide in her favor--Hera promises him power, Athena
wisdom, and Aphrodite promises him the love of Helen. Aphrodite
(See Ch. 27 of Bulfinch text )
- What concerns do the epic and lyric traditions,
Sappho (ca. 615 B.C.):
"Throned in splendor, deathless, O Aphrodite"
"Like the very gods in my sight is he"
- Who is Aphrodite?
- What is happening in this poem? What does the speaker
- How much of this poem should be taken literally? How
"Some there are who say the fairest thing seen"
- Who is being addressed?
- What is the speaker describing?
- What "breaks my spirit" (5)?
- Explain: "I feel that / death has come near me"
- What two things are being compared here?
- Which does the speaker believe is fairest? Why?
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