Europe and the New World
Things to Consider:
** Homework Questions **
- 1492: Columbus arrives in New World
- 1521: Cortes completes conquest of the Aztecs
- 1533: Pizarro completes conquest of the Inca
- See Essay, "Arts of the Contact Zone"
- Explain: "Columbus reads his surroundings largely by
denying all evidence of culture" (1902).
Christopher Columbus (1450-1506)
"Letter Concerning the First Voyage" (1493)
- What are the main points of this letter?
- How does Columbus describe the people he encounters?
Hernán Cortés (1485-1547)
- How, according to the editors, does religion function in
Cortes's conquest of the Aztecs?
"The Second Letter to Charles V" (1520)
- Explain Moctezuma's reasons for his subservience to Cortés.
- In what ways can this text,
according the editors, be considered "the first work of
modern anthropology" (1936)?
- How do Moctezuma's messengers
describe the Spaniards?
- How, according to the
emissaries, are the Spaniards like monkeys and pigs?
Other Discussion Questions:
- What were the consequences of Spain's conquest of
- What factors, according to the editors, made the Spanish
conquest of the New World a long and complex process?
- Who is Bartolome de las Casas ?
- Describe the process by which the Europeans collected and
preserved information about the cultures they encountered in
the New World.
- Why does Cortés decide to imprison
- How does Cortés describe Tenochtitlán?
- Explain Cortés's treatment of the idols
and the temples.
- Why are the Spanish so
unsuccessful in the battle against the natives?
- Who is Mariana? What purpose
does she serve?
- How does Moctezuma respond to
the news of the approaching Spanish?
- Why do the Spanish attack the
- Describe the interaction
between Moctezuma and Cortés.
- What happens in the Great
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