Richard Wright (1908-1960)
"12 Million Black Voices" (1941)
How does Wright's views of life in the North compare with Locke's? How
might one account for any differences in their perspectives?
What was the Federal Writers' Project?
Why, according to Wright, were rural African Americans so unprepared
to move to the city?
How is the Ohio River a symbol, according to Wright?
Explain how moving North for a Black sharecropper "is the beginning
of living on a new and terrifying plane of consciousness" (108).
What specific examples does Wright employ to demonstrate this concept?
Explain: "We cannot see or know a man because of the thousands
upon thousands of men" (109).
Explain: "We have never been allowed to become an organic part
of this civilization" (109).
What are the "'spirituals' of the city pavements" (110)?
Explain: "We are able to play in this fashion because we have
been excluded" (110).
Explain: "Our songs and dances are our banner of hope flung desperately
up in the face of a world that has pushed us to the wall" (111).